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Papers Rosa Manus 1908-1975

Identity Area

Collection IDIIAV00000099
Unitdate1908-1975
Language ListFinding aid is in English
Language of MaterialEnglish
GeoCountryNetherlands
Extent1.24 m.
Processing InformationInventory by Annette Mevis in 2005
Access and UseNot restricted. Only to be consulted digitally except numbers 136-157 and 166-170
Preferred CitationPapers Rosa Manus , inv.no …, Collection International Archives for the Women's Movement (IAV), in Atria, Institute on Gender Equality and Women’s History

Biographical Note

Born August 20, 1881 in Amsterdam as Rosette Susanna Manus, died in 1942; active in the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA) since 1908, from 1926 named International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship (IAWSEC) and from 1946 International Alliance of Women (IAW); organised with Mia Boissevain the Exhibition 'Woman 1813-1913' (Tentoonstelling 'De Vrouw 1813-1913'); co organiser of the International Congress of Women (Internationaal Congres van Vrouwen) in The Hague 1915; close friend of Carrie Chapman Catt, with whom she travelled through Europe and Latin America in 1922-1923; Vice President of the IAW since 1926, Secretary of the Peace Committee in 1926 en from 1926 President of the in that year established Women Police Committee of the International Alliance of Women; she was Secretary and later Vice President of the Peace and Disarmament Committee of the Women's International Organisations, also called Dingman Comité after its President Mary Dingman, which was founded for the disarmament conference of the Liaison Committee of Women's International Organizations; Rosa Manus organised the petition of more than 9 million signatures; she was the Secretary of the peace conference of the Rassemblement Universel pour la Paix (RUP) in Brussels 1936; co founder of the Dutch Women Electricity Association (Nederlandse Vrouwen Electriciteits Vereniging) in 1932 and of the International Archives for the Women's Movement (Internationaal Archief voor de Vrouwenbeweging, IAV) in 1935 of which she became the first president; board member of the in 1938 established Corps Female Volunteers (Korps Vrouwelijke Vrijwilligers); in 1941 arrested and imprisoned in Scheveningen because of her pacifism and alleged communism; eventually transported to the concentration camp Ravensbrück; Myriam Everard established that she was gassed in a sanatorium in Bernburg in March 1942; see Myriam Everard and Francisca de Haan (eds), Rosa Manus (1881-1942). The International Life and Legacy of a Jewish Dutch Feminist (Brill 2017), p. 294.


Custodial History

In the beginning of 1936 Rosa Manus donated about 300 books from her library to the International Archives for the Women's Movement; among these books were books original from Aletta which Manus had received in 1930 and had added to her library; in later years she donated more books; 'In the first months of 1940, she brought all documents and letters which she had collected in the past thirty years of her involvement with the women's movement in tranches to the IAV, thinking they would be safer there than at her own place, an operation which she completed in the first days of May' (Myriam Everard in Rosa Manus (1881-1942) (2017), p. 283; already on 12 July 1940 the German occupier closed the IAV at Keizersgracht 264 in Amsterdam and took everything away, including the papers and books from Rosa Manuswere looted with everything else from the International Archives of the Women's Movement, Keizersgracht 264 in Amsterdam in July 1940. In 1992 it became known that (part of) the archives of the IAV had ended up in a 'secret archive' in Moscow, to be finally returned to Amsterdam in 2003; a large part were Rosa Manus's papers, and most of the hundreds of photographs originated from her; the more than 33.000 documents were in disorder and it was not always easy to arrange the documents properly.


Scope and Content

Rosa Manus: correspondence, among others with Clara Hyde 1926-1939, Elfriede Zippel 1930-1931, Jane Addams 1931, Johanna Naber 1931-1934 and Katharina von Kardorff 1929-1935; photo album of the Exhibtion 'De Vrouw 1813-1913'; documents concerning the Vereeniging voor Vrouwenkiesrecht, the Nederlandsche Vereeniging van Staatsburgeressen and the Nederlandse Vereniging voor Vrouwenbelangen en Gelijk Staatsburgerschap, Head Quarters and Amsterdam branch 1919-1939; documents concerning the International Alliance, Head Quarters, Nationaal Comité voor Internationale belangen and the International Committee for Peace and the League of Nations 1926-1940; documents concerning the Peace and Disarmament Committee of the Women's International Organisations 1931-1940; documents concerning the celebration of the seventieth birthday of Carrie Chapman Catt, organised by Rosa Manus 1928; passport 1935; Royal Decree (Koninklijk Besluit) concerning her appointment to 'Officier in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau' 1936.
Anna C. Jacobi Manus (1885-[1975]): postcard from Rosa 1911; letters from Rosa to Lucy E. Anthony 1920, 1926; letters from American feminists in response to Rosa's death and concerning a Memorial Service 1942, 1945; text of a radio speech of Anna Jacobi-Manus for the Dutch Hour of the National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) concerning in response to the death of Carrie Chapman Catt 1947; cuttings from English and American papers concerning Carrie Chapman Catt 1940-c.1944 and concerning Rosa's death 1942 and n.y.
Collected documents: texts of biographical articles for an English publication about the live of Rosa Manus and a speech n.y.; death certificate 1942, letter of a notary office with a confirmation of her death 1947 and a note concerning her captivity n.y.; photocopies of the family Manus grave on the cemetery Zorgvlied in Amsterdam 1949-1950, 1975; documents collected by Hilde Brand during her research on Rosa Manus in 2005-2007.
NB. Documents of Rosa Manus as Secretary of the international peace conference of the RUP in Brussels 1936 are present in the collection of the RUP in the International Institute for Social History. See also the papers of Carrie Chapman Catt.




Rosa Manus Papers

Activities in the Vereeniging voor Vrouwenkiesrecht, from 1919 Nederlandsche Vereeniging van Staatsburgeressen, from 1930 Nederlandsche Vereeniging voor Vrouwenbelangen en Gelijk Staatsburgerschap (VVGS).
NB. Rosa Manus was secretary from 1917-1920 and from 1930-1935 vice-president of the executive board. Of the Amsterdam branch she was secretary (1928-?) and president (1929-March 1935).

National.
7-10
Documents of the Amsterdamsch Comité van de Wereldbond voor Vrouwenbelangen en Gelijk Staatsburgerschap (International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship) of which Rosa Manus was president; it organised among other things a market (voorjaarsmarkt) and the performance of the Spieghel Historiael in the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam on 28 February 1931. Dutch. 1930-1931.. 4 folders.
NB. In 2003 returned from Moscow.

Amsterdam branch.
11-17
Minutes of meetings and correspondence received or produced as president of the Amsterdam branch of the Nederlandsche Vereeniging van Staatsburgeressen, after 1930 Nederlandsche Vereeniging voor Vrouwenbelangen en Gelijk Staatsburgerschap (VVGS). Dutch. 1928-1936.. 7 folders.
NB. In 2003 returned from Moscow.

Activities in the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA), from 1926 International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenschip (IAWSEC), from 1946 International Alliance of Women (IAW).
NB. Rosa Manus was vice-president from 1926-1940, secretary of the International Committee for Peace and the League of Nations (Peace Committee) from 1926-1940 and chairman of the Police Committee.

General.

Nationaal Comité voor Internationale Belangen / National Committee for International Affairs.

International Committee for Peace and the League of Nations (Peace Committee).

Activities in the Peace and Disarmament Committee of the Women's International Organisations, founded 5 September 1931 in Geneva..
NB. Rosa Manus was secretary and from June 1932 vice-president; see also archive of the Algemeene Nederlandsche Vrouwen Vredebond (ANVV).
24-33
Minutes of meetings of the committee and of the board. English. 1931-1940.. 10 folders.
NB. In 2003 returned from Moscow.
35-36
Correspondence, speeches, texts, reports and pamphlets and papers concerning the presentation of petitions to the Disarmament Conference Geneva February 6, 1932. English, French, German, Dutch, Italian. (1928) 1931-1940.. 2 folders.

Other activities in the women’s movement.

Seventieth birthday Catt 1929.

Contact with Katharina von Kardorff and her visit to the Netherlands in 1930.
52-55
Correspondence with Katharina von Kardorff. With enclosures. German. 1929-1935.. 4 folders.

National and International Council of Women..

Remaining activities in chronological order.

Other activities in the (women’s) peace movement.

Family, personal papers and general correspondence.
--
Postcard fromAlice Salomon. German. 22 July 1935.. 1 item.
NB. In 2003 returned from Moscow. In picture department, see100014588.

Documents collected by Rosa Manus.
169
Issues of the Maandblad Vereeniging voor Vrouwenkiesrecht, with ex libris Rosa Manus. 1897-1902, 1909-1918.. 5 volumes.
To be consulted digital on www.delpher.nl.

Collected Papers concerning Rosa Manus

Donated by Anna Manus Jacobi in 1953.

Donated by Kurt Warschauer.

Donated by Anneke Krings-Mets.

Collected papers, donated by others or of unknown provenance.
158-164
Collection of envelopes, received in 2014. Probably collected and saved because of the stamps. 1918-1954. 7 folders.
170
Interview with the daughter of Anneke Krings-Mets on 12 October 2008 by Dineke Stam and Hilde Brand. 2008.. 2 tapes.
NB. Not online available.
168
Medaille 'Vredesheld 2017', postuum uitgereikt aan Rosa Manus tijdens het vredessymposium 'Investeer in vrede, voorkom geweld!' op 20 september 2017. 2017.. 1 omslag.

Photocopies of letters present in other archives and repositories..
NB. Not digitized.
136
Letter from Anna Manus to Mrs McCullogh, 9 September 1908.. 1 item.
NB. Original in the Schlesinger Library, Cambridge MA.
137
Letters from Rosa Manus to Mrs McCullogh. 1908-1909.. 2 items.
NB. Originals in the Schlesinger Library, Cambridge MA.
138
Letters from Rosa Manus to Lucy E. Anthony. 1920-1921, 1926.. 1 folder.
NB. Originals in the Schlesinger Library, Cambridge MA.
139
Letter from Rosa Manus to Clara Hyde. 28 April 1923.. 1 item.
NB. Original in the Library of Congress, Washington.
140
33 Letters from Rosa Manus to Josephine Schain. 1932-1936, 1939-1940.. 1 folder.
NB. Originals in the Sophia Smith Collection, Northampton MA.
141
Letters from Clara Hyde to Rosa Manus. 1922.. 3 items.
NB. Originals in the Library of Congress, Washington.
142
Letter from Kathleen D. Courtney to Rosa Manus. 21 December 1931.. 1 item.
NB. Original in the Library of Congress, Washington.
143
Carbon copies of 22 letters from Josephine Schain to Rosa Manus. 1931-1940.. 1 folder.
NB. Originals in the Sophia Smith Collection, Northampton MA.
144
Copy of the front page of the visitors book of the 12th Congress of the International Alliance of Women 18-25 April 1935 in Istanbul with the signature of Rosa Manus, vice-president of the IAW. 1935.. 1 item.
NB. Original in the Women’s Library in Istanbul.
145
Letter from Rosa Manus to Margery C. Ashby 8 December 1931; letter from Carrie Chapman Catt to Margery Corbett Ashby 14 August 1941 and 19 August 1946; letter from Anna Manus Jacobi to Margery Corbett Ashby 10 March 1945 and 5 July 1945; letter from Egon Stern to Margery Corbett Ashby May 1945. 1931, 1941, 1945, 1946.. 1 folder.
NB. Originals in the archive of the IAW in the Women’s Library in London.
146
Letter from Rosa Manus to Necile Terfik concerning the International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship. French. 17 July 1935.. 1 item.
NB. Original in the archive of Necile Terfik in the Women's Library in Istanbul.
166
Letters from and concerning Rosa Manus to Margery Corbett Ashby. English. 1931, 1938-1939, 1942, 1945.. 1 folder.
NB. Originals in the Margery Corbett Ashby Papers in the Women's Library in London.
167
Letters from Rosa Manus and others to Ruth Bodenheimer. German, English, French, Dutch. 1930-1938-1939, 1942, 1945.. 1 folder.
NB. Originals in the Bodenheimer Papers in the Central Zionist Archives in Jerusalem, reference number A15. Received from Myriam Everard in 2011.