The author introduces readers to the religious naturalism of the seventeenth-century English philosopher Anne Conway. White shows how Conway's spirituality provides an alternative to the dominant mechanistic models advanced by her leading male contemporaries, especially Descartes. She connects these philosophic impulses to Conway's late religious conversion to Quakerism, arguing that Quaker practical mysticism and its emphasis on equality within the natural order resonate with Conway's philosophic naturalism. White also explores Conway's continuity with and departure from current veins of religious naturalism, which entail an aesthetic ethical mandate seeking the increase of goodness in the world.
White focuses on two thinkers in poststructuralist religious scholarship - Sharon Welch and Mark C. Taylor - showing how their work incorporates, on the one hand, Foucault's political critique of power and, on the other, Derrida's textual deconstruction. Finally she looks at feminist critiques of culture with special emphasis on the feminist contribution to the study of religion, highlighting the role of religious valuing in providing an impetus to action and pragmatic social change.